Thursday, May 15, 2008

The Reasons Why Local Graduates Are Still Unemployed

This is one question that was brought up in a local internet forum. And I felt the dire interest to answer this.

First, let me quote an article straight out from the Star newspaper on the year 2006.


The increasing unemployment rate among the graduates in Malaysia is a worrying trend. For many years, the issue cropped up again and again, made the news headlines, and even hit the parliament.

The days have passed when a degree scroll can become your automatic passport to employment. Higher education is no longer a symbol of career success. This may sound painful for graduates but let’s face it. It is reality, no matter how harsh it may appear.

In July 2006, The Sun newspaper reported that the unemployment rate of public universities has reached a staggering 70%, whereas the private institutions recorded 26% and foreign graduates 34%. Out of the 70%, the highest unemployment was contributed by the following statistics:

1. Universiti Teknologi MARA, UiTM – 3,278 (16.2%)
2. Universiti Utara Malaysia, UUM – 1,532 (7.6%)
3. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM – 1,147 (5.7%)
4. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM – 971 (4.8%)
5. Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, UPM – 919 (4.5%)


(I'm just gonna copy paste from my reply in the forum)

Most graduates are unemployed because they are expecting to find jobs that are easy, simple, and require the least work. And this is pretty unfortunate for our local graduates here, because most of them wanted to find the easiest opportunities to enter into their desired career.

Do not blame students who take courses that are popular and desirable among colleges and universities. I heard reasons from students that people take business because they wanted to get rich. They take computing because they like computers. They take culinary arts because they think they only study cooking. And there are people who take the courses that they are not fond of, because they are influenced by their parents' decision.

Of course, Accounting and Computing graduates are highly sought in the industry now, and that is true. But why are graduates not able to find jobs related to such industries? The reasons are particularly simple. Graduates should realize that once they finished their studies, they should expect that popular industries like these are INTENSELY COMPETITIVE. It's not you alone who wanted to find a job. In fact, every graduate wanted to have a job.

First of all, if you can't be the best among the best, forget about going for your dream job.

Don't blame the employers for being choosy in choosing job applicants. Let's say, how come more business and computing graduates are most preferable and have a higher chance to find a job which are not related to them (like tourism, engineering firms, research centers & etc)? It's because every firm needs one if they want to keep the industry alive and keeping the competition going.

Employers have to pick the best among the best employees to run their companies or firms. They need skilled labor to work. That is why as you browse through the classifieds, employers wanted graduates with a degree as a minimum. They wanted graduates who possess adequate knowledge from what they have learned back in tertiary. And they wanted people who have at least a few years working experience working in such an industry. That is why not even diploma graduates couldn't make it big.

Don't blame the others for not getting yourself a job. Look at yourself. If you don't have the personality, the attitude, the charisma and the character as a matured individual, employers would not find any interest in giving you a job at all. If you are not persistent and aggressive to find a job, you're better off dreaming of getting one then at home.

And should we put the education taught at colleges and universities to be blamed at? Most probably. If a college/ uni is not well-known for helping its students to graduate successfully, then employers would most likely have a 'biased' attitude towards the institute you're learning at. That is why after you finished secondary schooling, you are advised to find the best college/ uni you could go for your own sake. According to the most recent survey, employers would rather seek graduates from private institutions rather than local IPTA instead, because they believe they could get better students off from there due to the better quality teaching and curriculum available there. I don't have any fact to prove that comment, because it's mostly the employers' opinion, not mine.

Next, graduates aren't learning the necessary skills needed related to the industry. Computing graduates would have to constantly update themselves with the latest news on computers, software, hardware, and anything related to it. Accounting students would find themselves better if they work themselves toward getting a professional qualification first hand.

If one would like, wanted to learn something that the country doesn't need at all. For example, game designing. Once you graduate as a game designer, well relatively unless you force yourself working with the government to create educational games for children (that is true, it's not a myth), you're better off finding a better job outside the country instead =P
Art and design students would practically find it hard to get a job in big, established companies in the designing industry if their arts aren't making the mark at all. It's more or less learning towards strengthening your skills in drawing and designing concepts as a hobby, rather than making it as a serious career.

No comments:

Post a Comment